The un environment program (unep) compares water scarcity and quality today with a projection for the future: currently, access to safe water in sub-saharan africa is worse than any other area on. The subsaharan region of africa had the largest number of water-stressed countries of any other place on the globe in africa, the struggle for access to clean drinking water is one of today's most obvious examples of how water scarcity leads to the stalling and reversal of human progress. Across the horn of africa, millions have been hit by the severe el niño-related drought the region is among those projected to take a big hit to gdp by 2050 because of water scarcity. Water scarcity involves water stress, water shortage or deficits, and water crisis while the concept of water stress is relatively new, it is the difficulty of obtaining sources of fresh water for use during a period of time and may result in further depletion and deterioration of available water resources[2. In africa south of the sahara, where agriculture is predominantly rainfed, farmers' access to water is limited based on time (during droughts and dry seasons) and space (in arid areas) but water scarcity in the region is not necessarily caused by a physical lack of water.
Outh africa is considered to be a water scarce country and, if the current rate of water usage continues, demand is likely to exceed supply at some point in the not-too-distant future. Water scarcity can be due to physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity physical water scarcity refers to a situation where natural water resources are unable to meet a region's demand and economic water scarcity is a result of poor water management resources. With a rising global population, increasing water use per capita and depleting reserves of groundwater, there's no doubt that blue gold, as water is sometimes called, is an increasingly precious.
Water scarcity has proven to be a growing issue in africa with more than 75% of africa being classified as arid or semi-arid on average, africa is in a state defined as water stress, with the average person obtaining around only 1,500 cubic meters of water per year. Water scarcity in africa essay problem statement widespread poverty, is one of the most pressing problems that our world today faces, especially in the african region, where majority of the poorest live and the scarcity crisis is the most severe - water scarcity in africa essay introduction. Water scarcity in africa is bigger that we imagine it to be of the estimated 800 million people who live on the african continent, more than 300 million live in water-scarce environments in fact, more than 60% (34 out of the 55) of the countries (globally), in which the basic human water requirements are not met, are located in africa. This blog looks at the water scarcity crisis which continue to worsen due to the continued effects of climate change in africa and middle east at the heart of the climate disaster is water scarcity, affecting rural and urban africans across the board as clean, reliable water sources are diminishing at an alarming pace.
In africa, the water problem is the primary reason people are unable to rise out of poverty women and children bear the burdens disproportionately, often spending six hours or more each day. Climate change and water scarcity are producing the most dramatic consequences in developing regions, such as northwest india and sub-saharan africa one proposed solution is to transfer water conservation technologies to these dry areas.
Editor's note: michel camdessus is former managing director of the international monetary fund and a member of the un secretary general's advisory board on water and sanitation this is the first in a new series of articles for gps by members of the africa progress panel, a foundation chaired. The problem of water scarcity is a growing one as more people put ever-increasing demands on limited supplies, the cost and effort to build or even maintain access to water will increase and water's importance to political and social stability will only grow with the crisis. Africa faces a situation of economic water scarcity, and current institutional, financial and human capacities for managing water are lacking the situation is exacerbated by competition for. Water scarcity already affects every continent around 12 billion people, or almost one-fifth of the world's population, live in areas of physical scarcity, and 500 million people are approaching.
Africa faces huge challenges with multiple issues that adversely affect public health one major challenge is the ability for both rural and urban africans to access a clean water supply according to the who (2006), only 59% of the world's population had access to adequate sanitation systems, and. The main cause of growing water scarcity is the growing demand resulting from population increase the population growth rate for each country in southern africa varies between 22 and 38 % the major increase in demand is due to the development needs of the growing population and, primarily, from the need to grow sufficient food to feed the. Water scarcity solutions agriculture is the biggest consumer of fresh water in south africa with irrigation accounting for approximately 43% of the available. Integrated water resource management through reuse and aquifer recharge promotes long-term sustainable solutions to water supply and wastewater issues in urban california and south african townships integrated water resource management (iwrm) is becoming recognised as the only sustainable solution to water scarcity.
The web dossier is based on the asc library collection and contains the titles of books, articles, book chapters, dvds and online resources on water, water supply, sanitation, water scarcity, water management, and climate change. Category education song my wish (remastered version) artist rascal flatts licensed to youtube by umg (on behalf of lyric street) cmrra, rumblefish (publishing), ubem, wixen music publishing. Sub-saharan africa is the home to hundreds of millions of people who suffer from water scarcity issues  the world health organization (who) has reported that more than 40 percent of the global water-stressed population lives in sub-saharan africa [3.