Jesus was first presented in the jerusalem temple soon after his birth, and he received his education through the synagogue as a young boy and into his adolescence throughout the life of jesus, the temple and the synagogue both played important roles. In the us, temple is usually a clue that the synagogue is reform (temple beth emeth in brooklyn, for example, is reform) more often you will see congregation or jewish center for conservative and even modern orthodox synagogues. In the time of jesus, the temple in jerusalem was still standing, and was the focus of jewish worship, as it had been for many hundreds of years however, over the previous 200 years, synagogues had begun to appear in different parts of the holy land as well as in jerusalem itself. According to the new testament gospels, jesus often taught in synagogues, one of which was in capernaum (mark 1:21-28), in northern israelthe book of acts suggests that the apostle paul also taught in synagogues (acts 17:1-2.
In fact, looking back on his ministry, jesus said: i always taught in a synagogue and in the temple, where all the jews come together — john 18:20 likewise, jesus' apostles and other early christians often taught in jewish synagogues. - the first synagogues may have been built by jews held captive far from the temple during the babylonian exile in the sixth century bc, but synagogues were important religious and social institutions in the time of jesus. Now for several days he was with the disciples who were at damascus, and immediately he began to proclaim jesus in the synagogues, saying, he is the son of god acts 14:1-2 in iconium they entered the synagogue of the jews together, and spoke in such a manner that a large number of people believed, both of jews and of greeks. Temple vs synagogue the difference between temple and synagogue has its roots in the jewish beliefs temple and synagogue are two words that are often considered as words that denote the same meaning by the general population.
The early believers considered jesus to be the jewish messiah, and the most natural thing in the world was to continue to worship in the temple the problem with all the answers above is the assumption that jesus fulfilled the sacrifices. Synagogue and prayer sacrifice was an enacted prayer, that is, a means of human communication with god there were also other forms of liturgical prayer for example, the whole tradition of chants and psalms which in new testament times had become the special province of a class of temple priests, the levites. I n the time of jesus there was no separation of the sexes in the synagogue  and women could be counted as part of the ten individuals needed for a religious quorum this allowed women to be much more active in the religious life of the community than they are today. The crucial thing to remember is that nowadays, there are temples and synagogues everywhere you go there is not a jewish community in the world that doesn't have a synagogue, and many of them are. When the ancient temple of jerusalem existed (commonly just referred to as the temple with a capital t), the functions of the temple and a synagogue were quite different and only when the temple was destroyed did synagogues become of greater importance.
Those in the synagogue get angry, rise up, and rush jesus outside the city they take him to the brow of the mountain upon which nazareth is built, and they try to throw him over the edge but jesus escapes from their grasp and gets away safely. The temple of herod, which was located in jerusalem, was truly the spiritual center of judaism during jesus' day although synagogues grew in importance during this time the three major pilgrimage feasts required by the law of moses: the passover, pentecost, and tabernacles and all sacrifices were performed in the temple (satterfield, nd. Synagogue the synagogue was the place where jews gathered for instruction and worship in the new testament period the greek word synagoge  means assembly and can refer simply to the gathering of people itself ( james 2:2) or to the building in which they gather ( luke 7:5. Until the find, synagogues from that time, known as the second temple period after the jewish temple that stood in jerusalem, have only been found in urban centers.
During jesus' time, there was even a synagogue within the temple itself this was probably the part of the temple where the twelve-year-old jesus was talking with the teachers ( luke 2:46 ) most communities of any size had at least one synagogue some had several. John 6:22-59: contains jesus' bread of life discourse verse 59 confirms that jesus taught this doctrine in the capernaum synagogue john chijioke iwe argues that the markan pericope marks the beginning of the last year of the three years of the public ministry of jesus. Only one synagogue dating to jesus' time has been uncovered, in the town of gamla typically, synagogues were placed in prominent places, on an elevated platform or high place, symbolizing the importance of living in god's presence.
The new testament gospels contain stories of jesus visiting synagogues in galilee sometimes he even he taught in them or read scripture during worship unfortunately, the gospels provide few details of what these synagogues looked like. Jesus went back to nazareth, where he had been brought up, and as usual he went to the synagogue on the sabbath when he stood up to read from the scriptures, good news translation. The 1st century synagogue of capernaum where jesus preached in the byzantine period, the white synagogue would have stood out dramatically from the surrounding black basalt buildings, whereas in the 1 st century, the capernaum synagogue blended into its setting. About the temple the temple is located in midtown atlanta and is one of american judaism's most historic religious institutions founded in 1867, it is the city's oldest and most diverse synagogue.
But more than that, jesus, his disciples, and paul (as well as most early jewish followers of jesus) went to the synagogue to worship the synagogue was not simply a place to share god's word, but also an important part of the jewish people's relationship to god. The synagogue also served as something of a community center for festivals, times of mourning and fasting, and as a center for feeding strangers and the poor sometimes the synagogue functioned as a court of law in which important questions regarding god's law were decided. 12-year-old jesus asks questions and gives answers to astonished teachers of the law in the temple in jerusalem while his parents search for him.